China at 70: The Chinese Communist Party's ideological contradictions
The first day of October matters for a reason more profound than it marks the scheduled increase from 25 percent to 30 percent in tariffs the U.S. levies on Chinese merchandise in the 18-month long U.S.-China Trade War. On Oct. 1, 2019, the Chinese Communist Party celebrates seven decades of rule over Mainland China, including since July 1, 1997, over Hong Kong.
When the Red Flag was raised over Tiananmen Square on Oct. 1, 1949, China was an impoverished country ravaged by the conflicts of the 1931-1945 Imperial Japanese occupation and 1927-49 civil war with the Nationalist (Kuomintang) forces. Chairman Mao Zedong expressed the ideological foundation for today’s 1.5 billion mainlanders at the start of his quotations compiled in The Little Red Book:
“The theoretical basis guiding our thinking is Marxism-Leninism.” (1954, emphasis added.)
That’s the basis for China’s Constitution, which the CCP originally promulgated in 1954, altered in 1975 and 1978, and reset again in 1982. Since its founding in 1921, the Party always has been “communist.” But, can it continue to own that middle ‘C’ through the next 70 years and still survive?
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