Plus ça change, plus c’est la même chose. (‘The more things change, the more they stay the same.’) This epigram, coined by Jean-Baptiste Alphonse Karr, Editor of Le Figaro, in 1848-49, is such a cliché it should be avoided. Except when it’s unavoidable.
To India’s fiscal year 2021 union budget, it’s unavoidable. This budget confirms India’s relapse to import substitution. Modiji’s foreign trade policy looks ever more like that of Panditji and his daughter, Indira, from Independence to the early 1990s.